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Titus Chapter 1

v1-3 – Paul, a servant of God, an Apostle of Jesus Christ, obedience marking Paul’s life as a bond-slave, having no rights of his own, like his Lord Paul could say, Thy will is my delight. Paul did all things according to the will of Him that had appeared to him on the Damascus road. Acts Ch. 9.
One who was sent with a commission, having two concerns.

1. The faith of God’s elect. i.e. to preach the Gospel to all men in order to call out the elect of God.
2. Teaching the truth that leads to godliness.
V4 – To Titus mine own son after the common faith. What a loving bond and caring statement!
United together, in the everlasting bond in the Lord Jesus. What encouragement to his devoted follower, who Paul had left at Crete to supervise the Church.
A man of high qualities of leadership. His work demanded wisdom, tact with strength of character.
Paul addresses Titus, ‘My true son of the common faith’ could mean that Paul was instrumental in his salvation.

V5-9 – QUALIFICATION OF ELDERS
Titus’ work was to set in order the things that were wanting. To appoint elders in every City.
Timothy also was given the same instructions. In 1Timothy 3:2-7. See the notes on Timothy for detailed list of qualifications of elders.

ORDER IN THE ELDERS HOME v5-9
Elders children must be believers v6.
Not given to wasting money on one’s own pleasure. The home is the training ground for Christian elders. Titus was to take care over appointing elders as the Cretans were known to be unstable. An elder is one who has the following qualities –

Holds firmly to the truth with understanding.
Encourages others by teaching the truth.
Refutes those who oppose the truth.

Note; – There are seventeen qualities listed for position of an elder.

WARNING AGAINST FALSE TEACHERS v10-16
v10 – Paul points out the presence and dangers of enemies, false teachers.
The nature of these enemies are as follows –
1. Unruly, rebelling against restraint or authority both inside and outside the Church.
2. Empty talkers with no solid truth, only nonsense.
3. Deceivers, just like their father the devil. John 8:44.
4. Many were Judaizers, that is Jews who wanted Gentiles to become Jews before they could become Christians.

v11 – The deeds of these enemies
5. Overthrowing whole households and families of believers, as in 2Tim. 2:18 and 3:6. Their mouths must be stopped or muzzled. This word also was used for plugging a pipe to keep it from spouting polluted water.

6. Grasping at dishonest gain for money.

7. Lying, misleading, careless ones.

v12 – Now Paul quotes from Native Cretan poet and philospher, namely Epimenides who lived
around 600 B.C., the Cretans honoured him highly and called him their prophet. He described the
Cretans ‘of those days as – liars, evil beasts (with evil passions) lazy, gluttons, who ate too much
and were always greedy for more food.

v13 – Paul says this picture of self-indulgence was a true one. So he commands Titus as follows –
Rebuke them sharply, both the evil teachers and all who follow their ways. Paul again uses a medical term – that of cutting with a sharp knife, as a surgeon cuts away a deadly cancer to save the patients life. God’s Word is like a sharp sword. Heb. 4:12. Titus must use it to maintain the spiritual health of believers.

v14-16 – Do not pay attention to Jewish fables, which are found in abundance in the Jewish holy book called the Talmud, nor to false teachers who reject the truth of God and set up man made rules. Compare Colossians 2: 21-22 and 1Tim. 4: 3-6.

v15 & 16 – Unto the pure all things are pure, but unto them that are defiled nothing is pure, but even their mind and conscience is defiled. They profess that they know God: but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate (disqualified).