Pastoral Epistles
1st & 2nd Timothy
& Titus

Dr Don Hender

Helpful survey: See ‘Jensen-Survey of NT’. Pages 371 – 400.

These are called Pastoral Epistles because they are Paul’s counsel to those who served the Lord with Paul in the Pastoral functions concerning churches in the region of Ephesus and Crete.

Timothy’s task was to direct, organise and supervise work of the churches and to help repel and reject certain errorists whose efforts were threatening to corrupt that work. He had been brought to the Pastoral ministry in Ephesus to carry on the work that Paul would do if he were there himself.

Timothy was Paul’s closest friend to the end of Paul’s life. Paul recognised his high value in 1st Tim. 6:11. Read. Timothy was designated to the ministry of the Word of God, see Acts 16:1-5; 1st Timothy 4:14. 2nd Timothy 1:6. Paul outlines Timothy’s character, note his descriptions:

Tender, affectionate (1st Cor. 4:17; Phil. 2:20-21).

Timid, tactful (1st Cor.16:10-11; 1st Tim. 4:12; 2nd Tim. 1:6-7).

Faithful, loyal (1st Cor. 4:17).

Conscientious (Phil. 2:19-23).

Devoted to God (1st Tim. 6:11)

When Paul left Ephesus for Macedonia he appointed Timothy to continue the ministry at Ephesus. (1st Tim. 1:3). The church at Ephesus was under ten years old when Paul wrote 1st Timothy. Important tasks were laid in Timothy’s capable hands – teaching, correcting, unifying and organising the church and helping the leadership in surrounding churches.

1st Timothy was written about 62 AD. 2nd Timothy was written about 67 AD and it was the last letter Paul ever wrote. Paul wanted Timothy to stay in Ephesus. Ch. 1:3-4. Paul wrote to Timothy to offer personal help to him and guidance to help the churches of Ephesus, urging the propagation of the Gospel and preserving the Truth of the Word. See Ch. 1:11.